Entrepreneurial Self Intent
Entrepreneurial intent has been defined as the state of mind that precedes turning the attention to and taking actions to become an entrepreneur. (Moriano et al., 2012)
Source: Moriano JA, Gorgievski M, Laguna M, Stephan U, Zarafshani K. A Cross-Cultural Approach to Understanding Entrepreneurial Intention. Journal of Career Development. April 2012;39(2):162-185. doi:10.1177/0894845310384481.
Case: Leslie Bowen, PhD: Self Assessment of Entrepreneurial Intent
Case: Leslie Bowen, PhD: Part 4
Description: 41-year-old Leslie Bowen is an associate professor and neuroscientist with a research idea she thinks is marketable. She discusses it with Laila Robinson from her university Technology Transfer Office.
Scenario, Part 4: In this assessment, Leslie self-evaluates her intention to engage in entrepreneurship via the Entrepreneurial Intention part of the Entrepreneurial Intent Questionnaire (EIQ) (Liñán & Chen, 2009) (This is only one part of the full scale.)
Checkmarks indicate Leslie’s responses.
Survey Instructions: Indicate your agreement with the following statements:
|Entrepreneurial Intention (Part of the EIQ)|| 1|
Neither Agree Nor Disagree
|I am ready to do anything to be an entrepreneur.|
|My professional goal is to become an entrepreneur.|
|I will make every effort to start and run my own firm.|
|I am determined to create a firm in the future.|
|I have very seriously thought of starting a firm.|
|I’ve got the firm intention to start a firm someday.|
Leslie’s Average: 4.5 out of 7, between 4 Neither Disagree Nor Agree and 5 Agree
Interpretation: It looks like Leslie may not currently be ready to commit to entrepreneurship but does have fairly strong intent for some time in the future. Many successful entrepreneurs say that having passion and even ambition are important to succeed as an entrepreneur. They say these qualities keep you moving forward as you keep your vision in mind. Such people would average above “5 Agree” on questions like these.
Source: Liñán F, Chen Y-W. Development and Cross-Cultural Application of a Specific Instrument to Measure Entrepreneurial Intentions. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice. May 1, 2009;33(3):593-617. doi:10.1111/j.1540-6520.2009.00318.x.
Discussion of EntrepreneuriaI Intent Results
(Continuation of Leslie’s case)
Scenario: At their next meeting, the Technology Transfer Office (TTO) staff, Laila, and Leslie meet to assess Leslie’s Entrepreneurial Intent (EI) or interest level in forming a start-up. She has the results of Leslie’s Entrepreneurial Intent questionnaire but wants to explore whether her low scores are due to barriers that could be addressed or any misconceptions.
Hello Leslie. I’m interested in discussing your responses to the Entrepreneurial Intent questions. For example, I’m wondering about your disagreement with the questions asking if you are ready to do anything to be an entrepreneur or make every effort? What would you not be willing to do?
Well, I answered the survey assuming they meant just legal and ethical things. But right now, with a toddler at home, it’s not a good time to work long hours.
Yes, starting a business can take some long hours, for example near a proposal deadline or when a deliverable is due. One thing to consider with respect to children when running your own business is that you can determine the flex time and family leave policies and even have on-site child daycare.
That’s something I hadn’t thought about! Starting a business is looking more attractive. Let me give it some more thought.
- NIH Videos – NIH YouTube videos, including NIH fundamentals, Apply for Grant Funding, Advice for New and Early Career Scientists, NIH Policy and Compliance, Peer Review, Small Business Education and Entrepreneurial Development, Electronic Research Administration (eRA), and More…
- Women-Owned Small Businesses General Services Administration (GSA) Info – Some contracts are reserved for women-owned small businesses in industries where these businesses are underrepresented.
- The surveys presented in the Leslie case are available for you to take on this website:
Francisco Liñán, David Urbano & Maribel Guerrero (2011): Regional variations in
entrepreneurial cognitions: Start-up intentions of university students in Spain, Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 23:3-4, 187-215.
Entrepreneurial Intentions. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice. May 1, 2009;33(3):593-617. doi:10.1111/j.1540-6520.2009.00318.x.
McGee J, Peterson M, Mueller S, Sequeira J. Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy: Refining the Measure. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice. July 1, 2009:965-988.
Wei J, Chen Y, Zhang Y, Zhang J. How Does Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy Influence Innovation Behavior? Exploring the Mechanism of Job Satisfaction and Zhongyong Thinking. Front Psychol. 2020;11. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.00708.